Im Fussbal muss zwischen Grundordnung und Spielsystem unterschieden werden. Hier erfährst Du warum und lernst die verschiedenen Grundordnungen und. März Das gehört momentan zu den vielleicht am häufigsten umgesetzten Spielsystemen im Profifußball. Im Gegensatz zum mit der. 8. Mai Spielsysteme im modernen Fußball sind taktisch variantenreich, hoch komplex, eine Wissenschaft. Allein über die richtigen Formationen kann.
Homepage Top Backlinks PR ikcplay. Domain Registration Data Compare it to In Other TLDs 1. Social Engagement Compare it to Server Information Compare it to Server Technologies Apache Tomcat Backend server.
Safety Compare it to User reviews Reputation Unknown 0 positive. Similar to the , he is the first attacker and the last defender. Due to the "double six" and the good defensive behavior of the midfielders, the pass ways into the joints of the "four back" are well blocked.
In case of inaccurate passes by the attackers or passes above or via the "four back", the goal keeper should secure and command the rear space.
A "four back" is situated in front of the goal keeper players 2 to 5. Players 2 and 5 are the wing-backs while 4 and 3 are the center-backs.
Today's wing-backs are fast, agile, confident with the ball and often join the attacking play in a quick-witted and clever manner. A very good technical education is important for every position today.
In this system, the wing-backs are often faced with the difficult problem that they cannot be immediately supported by their fellow team mates; running paths are often very long for defensive players.
For this reason, the wing-backs have to be strong tacklers that are capable of delaying the opponent's attack. It's actually superfluous, but we will go into it anyway.
Our "sixes" need to possess a high degree of footballing intelligence and the ability to "read" a game.
But all players need that nowadays, don't they? The "double six" is often interpreted in the following way as part of this system of play: The second "six" is mostly responsible for defensive tasks.
Ideally, the two players swap their roles in the system of play time and time again, in order to become less predictable.
In the defensive, the "sixes" may easily form triangles with two players of the "four back" on their sides and thus heavily attack the opposing player in possession of the ball.
Gaps for possible passing routes are automatically closed in the process and if possession of the ball is won, it is easy to find access to the wing players in the midfield.
However, the running paths are often very long as described above and it is often hard to support the wing-backs. This formation is suited for a short passing game and useful for ball retention.
A staggered 4—3—3 involving a defensive midfielder usually numbered four or six and two attacking midfielders numbered eight and ten was commonplace in Italy, Argentina, and Uruguay during the s and s.
The Italian variety of 4—3—3 was simply a modification of WM, by converting one of the two wing-halves to a libero sweeper , whereas the Argentine and Uruguayan formations were derived from 2—3—5 and retained the notional attacking centre-half.
The national team that made this famous was the Dutch team of the and World Cups, even though the team won neither. It was also the formation with which Norwegian manager Nils Arne Eggen won 15 Norwegian league titles.
Most teams using this formation now use the specialist defensive midfielder. Mourinho has also been credited with bringing this formation to England in his first stint with Chelsea.
A variation of the 4—3—3 wherein a striker gives way to a central attacking midfielder. The formation focuses on the attacking midfielder moving play through the centre with the strikers on either side.
It is a much narrower setup in comparison to the 4—3—3 and is usually dependent on the "1" to create chances.
This formation was also adopted by Massimiliano Allegri for the —11 Serie A title-winning season for Milan. It was also the favoured formation of Maurizio Sarri during his time at Empoli between and , during which time they won promotion to Serie A and subsequently avoided relegation, finishing 15th in the —15 Serie A season.
A variation of the 4—3—3 with a defensive midfielder, two central midfielders and a fluid front three. The 4—4—2 diamond also described as 4—1—2—1—2 staggers the midfield.
The width in the team has to come from the full-backs pushing forward. The defensive midfielder is sometimes used as a deep lying playmaker, but needs to remain disciplined and protect the back four behind him.
The 4—1—3—2 is a variation of the 4—1—2—1—2 and features a strong and talented defensive centre midfielder. This allows the remaining three midfielders to play further forward and more aggressively, and also allows them to pass back to their defensive mid when setting up a play or recovering from a counterattack.
The 4—1—3—2 gives a strong presence in the forward middle of the pitch and is considered to be an attacking formation.
Opposing teams with fast wingers and strong passing abilities can try to overwhelm the 4—1—3—2 with fast attacks on the wings of the pitch before the three offensive midfielders can fall back to help their defensive line.
Valeriy Lobanovskiy is one of the most famous exponents of the formation, using it with Dynamo Kyiv , winning three European trophies in the process.
Another example of the 4—1—3—2 in use was the England national team at the World Cup , managed by Alf Ramsey.
The 4—3—2—1, commonly described as the " Christmas Tree " formation, has another forward brought on for a midfielder to play "in the hole", so leaving two forwards slightly behind the most forward striker.
Terry Venables and Christian Gross used this formation during their time in charge of Tottenham Hotspur. Since then, the formation has lost its popularity in England.
In this approach, the middle of the three central midfielders act as a playmaker while one of the attacking midfielders plays in a free role.
However, it is also common for the three midfielders to be energetic shuttlers, providing for the individual talent of the two attacking midfielders ahead.
The "Christmas Tree" formation is considered a relatively narrow formation and depends on full-backs to provide presence in wide areas. The formation is also relatively fluid.
During open play, one of the side central midfielders may drift to the flank to add additional presence.
This formation has three central defenders possibly with one acting as a sweeper. This system merges the winger and full-back positions into the wing-back , whose job it is to work their flank along the full length of the pitch, supporting both the defence and the attack.
A variant of the 5—3—2, this involves a more withdrawn sweeper , who may join the midfield, and more advanced full-backs. Using a 3—4—3, the midfielders are expected to split their time between attacking and defending.
Having only three dedicated defenders means that if the opposing team breaks through the midfield, they will have a greater chance to score than with a more conventional defensive configuration, such as 4—5—1 or 4—4—2.
However, the three forwards allow for a greater concentration on attack. This formation is used by more offensive-minded teams. Ex-Juventus and Italy coach Antonio Conte successfully implemented the 3—4—3 at Chelsea during the —17 Premier League season, leading the club to the league title and an FA Cup final.
In order to properly counteract the additional forward pressure from the wing-backs in the system, other sides, including Ronald Koeman 's Everton and Mauricio Pochettino 's Tottenham, also used the formation against Chelsea.
This formation is similar to 5—3—2 except that the two wingmen are oriented more towards the attack. Because of this, the central midfielder tends to remain further back in order to help prevent counter-attacks.
It differs from the classical 3—5—2 of the WW by having a non-staggered midfield. It was used for the first time at international level by the Argentine coach Carlos Bilardo.
Many teams also use a central attacking midfielder and two defensive midfielders, so the midfielders form a "W" formation.
Edmilson acted as a sweeper. Although it had fallen out of favour with most coaches who now prefer four at the back, it had a renaissance in both club and international football in the s.
At club level, it has been effectively used by former Juventus coach Antonio Conte , under whom Juventus won three back-to-back scudetti between and , or by Louis van Gaal at Manchester United.
At international level, it has been used as an alternative formation on two notable occasions to nullify the challenge of possession football used by the Spanish national side.
Cesare Prandelli used it for the Italy's 1—1 draw with Spain in the group stage of Euro , with some commentators seeing Daniele De Rossi as a sweeper.
This was successful in minimizing the Dutch weaknesses inexperience in defence and maximising their strengths world-class forwards in Robin van Persie and Arjen Robben.
This uncommon modern formation focuses on ball possession in the midfield. In fact, it is very rare to see it as an initial formation, as it is more useful for maintaining a lead or tie score.
Its more common variants are 3—4—2—1 or 3—4—3 diamond, which use two wing-backs. The lone forward must be tactically gifted, not only because he focuses on scoring but also on playing the ball back towards the own goal to assist with back passes to his teammates.
Once the team is leading the game, there is an even stronger tactical focus on ball control, short passes and running down the clock.
On the other hand, when the team is losing, at least one of the playmakers will more frequently play in the edge of the area to add depth to the attack.
The formation can be used to grind out 0—0 draws or preserve a lead, as the packing of the centre midfield makes it difficult for the opposition to build up play.
Due to the lone striker, however, the centre of the midfield does have the responsibility of pushing forward as well. The defensive midfielder will often control the pace of the game.
This formation is widely used by Spanish, French and German sides. While it seems defensive to the eye, it is quite a flexible formation, as both the wide players and the full-backs join the attack.
In defence, this formation is similar to either the 4—5—1 or 4—4—1—1. It is used to maintain possession of the ball and stopping opponent attacks by controlling the midfield area of the field.
The lone striker may be very tall and strong to hold the ball up as his midfielders and full-backs join him in attack. The striker could also be very fast.
In these cases, the opponent's defence will be forced to fall back early, thereby leaving space for the offensive central midfielder.
This formation is used especially when a playmaker is to be highlighted. The variations of personnel used on the flanks in this set-up include using traditional wingers, using inverted wingers or simply using wide midfielders.
Different teams and managers have different interpretations of the 4—2—3—1, but one common factor among them all is the presence of the double pivot.
The double pivot is the usage of two holding midfielders in front of the defence. At the international level, this formation is used by the Belgian , French , Dutch and German national teams in an asymmetric shape, and often with strikers as wide midfielders or inverted wingers.
The formation is also currently used by Brazil as an alternative to the 4—2—4 formation of the late s to Implemented similarly to how original 4—2—4 was used back then, use of this formation in this manner is very offensive, creating a six-man attack and a six-man defence tactical layout.
The front four attackers are arranged as a pair of wide forwards and a playmaker forward who play in support of a lone striker.
In recent years, with full-backs having ever more increasing attacking roles, the wide players be they deep lying forwards, inverted wingers, attacking wide midfielders have been tasked with the defensive responsibility to track and pin down the opposition full-backs.
This formation has been very frequently used by managers all over the world in the modern game. Another notable example at club level is Bayern Munich under Jupp Heynckes.
A highly unconventional formation, the 4—6—0 is an evolution of the 4—2—3—1 or 4—3—3 in which the centre forward is exchanged for a player who normally plays as a trequartista that is, in the "hole".
Suggested as a possible formation for the future of football,  the formation sacrifices an out-and-out striker for the tactical advantage of a mobile front four attacking from a position that the opposition defenders cannot mark without being pulled out of position.
Due to these demanding requirements from the attackers, and the novelty of playing without a proper goalscorer, the formation has been adopted by very few teams, and rarely consistently.
This is a particularly defensive formation, with an isolated forward and a packed defence. Again, however, a couple of attacking full-backs can make this formation resemble something like a 3—6—1.
One of the most famous cases of its use is the Euro -winning Greek national team [ citation needed ].
Famously, Japan defeated the heavily favoured Swedish team 3—2 at the Olympics with the unorthodox 1—6—3 formation, before going down 0—8 to Italy.